The smallest state of the union, Rhode Island, also has the longest official name of any of the states: “State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations”. The state is one of the most densely populated and heavily industrialized for its size.
This state was named by Dutch explorer Adrian Block. He named it “Roodt Eylandt” meaning “red island” in reference to the red clay that lined the shore. The name was later anglicized when the region came under British rule.
For a state that is only 37 miles wide and 48 miles long, it is notable that its shoreline on Narragansett Bay in the Atlantic Ocean runs for 400 miles. Indeed, one of Rhode Island’s nicknames is “the Ocean State.”